What Are Terpenes and What Do They Do?

If you are interested in cannabis, you are probably aware of THC and CBD. These are the two best-known of the dozens of psychoactive chemicals called cannabinoids in every marijuana strain. Although THC and CBD levels largely determine the effects of the strain in question, the unique terpenes of each variety also play a role.

Understanding Terpenes

Terpenes are essential oils produced by most types of plants as well as certain animal species. Scientifically known as aromatic organic hydrocarbons, terpenes consist of various chemical structures.

Hundreds of terpenes have been identified in cannabis strains, each with a distinctive aroma and influence.

Examining the Effects

You have probably noticed that each cannabis strain has a noticeable smell, which can be fruity, woody, earthy or pungent. This unique aroma is created by the plant's terpenes; chemicals that also impact how well the body’s cannabinoid receptors absorb cannabinoids. This means that the terpene levels of your favorite strain have a direct effect on how it impacts your body.

Mercene, which is the most common terpene found in cannabis, is thought to influence whether a specific strain has the relaxing effects associated with an Indica or the energizing effects associated with a Sativa.

Some terpenes, including humulene, beta-caryophyllene, and pinine, have been found to reduce inflammation. This likely accounts for the pain-relieving effects of cannabis.

Those who produce cannabis for consumer use, including extractors, growers, and breeders, are working to preserve terpene levels throughout the process. This not only elevates the flavor and aroma of each strain but also has the potential to fine-tune its distinct effects.

Taking Advantage of Terpenes

Many cannabis products now list the levels of terpene in addition to THC and CBD content. In general, the more terpenes a strain has, the more potent its effects. And the stronger the smell of a strain, the higher the terpene levels. However, a strain with a terpene level higher than 4% percent should generally not be vaporized.

The form of consumption also plays a role in preserving terpene content. Extracts produced with butane hash oil tend to have the highest terpene levels and thus the strongest effects. When choosing marijuana flower, the buds must be cured and stored properly to maintain the terpenes.

When shopping for high terpene strains, look for full-spectrum extracts and note the cannabinoid content. Avoid isolated terpenes without cannabinoids, which contain potentially harmful chemicals called hydrosols.

If you're looking for a dispensary in Wasilla, come and visit the team at Bad Gramm3r. You can also contact us to learn more about our diverse selection of high-quality cannabis products.


Disclaimer: “Marijuana has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming and addictive.”; “Marijuana impairs concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under its influence.”; “There are health risks associated with consumption of marijuana.”; “For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children.”; “Marijuana should not be used by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.”